Berlin Bicycle Referendum – being safe and comfortable on your bike
The Berlin Bicycle Referendum aims to improve the situation of Berlin bicycle traffic. It is our goal to make cycling safe and comfortable resulting in more Berliners using their bikes – with benefits for climate, health and generally a more pleasant city for everyone to live in. The referendum criticises Berlin’s senate for only very slowly implementing long promised measures to aid bicycle traffic. The Berlin Bicycle Referendum drafted a law (RadG) that shall make Berlin more attractive to cyclists. A referendum proceeds in three stages. In stage one 20.000 people and in stage two 7% of the registered voters – ca. 175.000 people – have to sign. Finally in the third stage – the actual referendum – at least 25% of the registered voters and 50% of the votes need to be in favour of the draft law to transfer it legislation.
The senate estimated the costs to be at about two billion Euros over a period of eight years. In contrast we expect the costs to be much lower at 320 Million Euros. The discrepancy is a result of the senate calculating with exaggerated numbers for numerous measures as they include necessary efforts to overcome the lack of modernization that has piled up over the past years. Therefore, Berlin will be facing those costs regardless of the outcome of the referendum. On the other hand multiple potential savings – as for example lower health expenses – and federal republic and EU subsidies, as for environmental projects, were not included.
In June 2016 with the help of hundreds of volunteers Berlin Bicycle Referendum finished collecting signatures all over Berlin and handed them in to the Senate’s administration. More than 100.000 people, five times as many as needed, signed within three and a half weeks – a clear indicator that Berlin is ready for a fundamental change in its traffic policy. At the moment those signatures are being counted and checked for validity. Afterwards form and content of the draft law will be checked to be in accordance with legal requirements.
Why the Berlin Bicycle Referendum?
More and more people in Berlin are using bicycles for their everyday mobility – despite the fact that the situation on many of Berlin’s streets demand cyclist to be of considerable capabilities. Or even plain courage. Ask yourself: How many kids do you see cycling throughout the city? How many elders?
Cycling is a quick, affordable and environmentally friendly mode of mobility. In times of a turnaround in energy policies, climate change and increasing particulate pollution in cities supporting bicycle traffic in conjunction with public transport and pedestrian traffic is the way to go for a change towards sustainable mobility.
In effect the space of the Streets needs to be redistributed in order to cope with the increasing share of bicycle traffic. Safety must be increased and sharing the public space in a fair manner shall be reached. A true freedom of choice for the preferred mode of transportation is the goal – cutting the privileges of private motorized traffic.
This vision of a lively and pleasant city includes making the public space available to everyone – and everyone shall be able to move freely and safely in a healthy environment.
Transport policy does not value bicycles enough
The Berlin Bicycle Referendum and Berlin’s senate fundamentally agree: Riding bikes increases overall quality of life – an increased bicycle traffic is good for Berlin. As a matter of fact the senate’s strategy for bicycle traffic actually is really promising. The problem is, how slowly – if at all – it is implemented. For instance, over the past three years only three of 50 intersections that had been identified as particularly dangerous were redesigned. Due to lacking manpower and insufficient cooperation between senate and districts the already small annual budget for bicycle traffic is regularly not fully used. Over the past five years alone 4.6 million Euros were not spent. So money is not as much the limiting factor as are lacking ability and will to invest it for bicycle infrastructure.
As demonstrated in other major cities: It is possible – if it’s desired
Nowadays Berliners are longing for situations as found elsewhere in Europe, where more and more cities realize that traffic problems, high accident counts, climate change and pollution only can be met by using bikes. Madrid, Barcelona, London, Paris, Oslo and many more are competing for the title as the world’s bicycle capital currently held by Amsterdam and Copenhagen. Those cities differ from Berlin mainly in the political will to create a city that is fit for the future.
Numbers show how Berlin has long fallen behind in this development: Berlin’s annual budget for bicycle traffic is just over ten million Euros or around 3.80 Euros per citizen. In contrast the amount of money spent per citizen by the major cities mentioned above is greater many times over. In most of them this number is between 15 and 25 Euros per citizen and year – in Oslo it’s even 35 Euros.
Taking transport policy in our own hands
The Berlin Bicycle Referendum consists of a group of people of widely different ages and professions. It is a broad spectrum of activists for environmental issues, bicycles and city policies as well as people who engage actively in societal issues for the first time. The referendum aims to redirect Berlin’s policy finally bringing new impulses for bicycle traffic. In cooperation with associations such as the ADFC in November 2015 ten goals were formulated for a change in transport policy. They include an interconnected network of bicycle boulevards, safe bike lanes at all main roads and a network of bicycle highways. We also demand additional parking spaces for bikes at public transport stops, as well as bike orientated traffic light settings and improved road safety in the neighbourhoods and safer traffic situations particularly at intersections. For the implementation and to ensure cooperation between districts additional traffic planners are to be hired and dedicated departments for bicycle traffic shall be created within the senate and the districts. Last, not least, bike patrols and public relations work are needed to ensure a fair mobility for everyone – no matter if in cars, public transport, on foot or bike.
Our ten goals are the basis for the law that has been drafted by the initiative in cooperation with experts, many activists and the public over a four month period.
10 aims of the Berlin Bicycle Referendum
Aim 1: 350 kilometres of safe bicycle boulevards
Aim 2: Bike lanes, at least two meters wide, at every main roads
Aim 3: Making 75 dangerous crossroads safe every year
Aim 4: Transparent, quick and effective removal of defects
Aim 5: 200.000 parking spaces for bicycles in streets and at public transport stops
Aim 6: 50 main road sections with continuous waves of green light for cyclists
Aim 7: 100 kilometres of bicycle highways for commuter traffic
Aim 8: Police cycling squads and a special investigation groups for bike theft
Aim 9: More personnel for a centralised bicycle department
Aim 10: Sensitize Berlin for more bicycle traffic